Irritable Bowel Treatment
Irritable Bowel treatment - Things you can do
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a disease that is composed of many symptoms. The most prevalent symptom is severe abdominal pain. One may also experience other discomforts as well. These discomforts may be experienced in the form of gas, cramping, bloating, constipation and diarrhea. Because of these discomforts, irritable bowel treatment is needed.
In most cases, this IBS affects the bowel which is generally referred to as the colon. The colon is the part of the intestines where the stool is normally stored. In the strict sense, IBS is not a disease per se; it’s a functional disorder.
The causes of IBS have not been fully established so irritable bowel treatment must be aimed at treating the symptoms, not curing the problem.
For many people with the IBS syndrome, nerves and the muscles are extremely sensitive. When they eat, the muscles contract. In turn, these contractions usually cause cramps and diarrhea just after drinking or eating something. In most cases, IBS is painful but it does not in any way cause damage to the colon or the digestive system in general. Other symptoms that may be associated with this syndrome include: swollen and bloated abdomen, whitish mucus, and an acute feeling that one has not comleted thier bowel movements. Women are likely to have more symptoms just when they are having their menstrual cycles.
When one experiences the symptoms above, then it is likely they have IBS. However, a procedure known as the Rome criteria, can be effectively used to make the correct diagnosis. Further medical tests may also be performed so as to ascertain that the patient does not have another disease that has the same symptoms.
Medical tests that may need to be carried out
Lower gastrointestinal (GI) series - In this test, one uses an x-ray in order to diagnose problems with the intestines. The other name for the test is barium enema X ray. If you have this test, the doctor will place barium into the large intestine through the anus. Once the barium has entered the anus your intestines are clearly displayed on the x-ray.
Colonoscopy - In this test, the doctor inserts a long and thin tube into the colon via the anus. This thin tube is known as the colonscope.There is light and a tiny lens in the tube. The doctor can therefore easily view your colon on a television monitor. Unless needed the doctor may not insert the whole tube but rather use just a smaller section or maybe even a smaller tube. This shorter tube is known as the flexible sigmoidoscope.
Irritable Bowel Treatment - Although there is no cure for IBS, several treatments are prescribed in order to reduce or eliminate the symptoms.
Irritable bowel treatment may involve:
Medications - Some of the medicines that reduce IBS symptoms include:
-Laxatives-These drugs help in the treatment of constipation.
-Antispasmodics-This controls spasms which occur in the colon and help to ease the abdominal pain.
-Antidepressants-This help in treating depression and stress. They thus help in treating abdominal discomfort.
Changes in the diet - There are several foods and drinks that make the symptoms worse. Such foods and drinks include:
-Milk products such as ice cream
-Drinks which contain caffeine
Foods which help eliminate IBS symptoms are those high in fiber. Fiber usually reduces constipation as it makes the stool soft and quite easy to pass. High fiber foods may however not be very appropriate for people who have sensitive nerves. Such people may experience increased abdominal discomfort. Foods that contain high amounts of fiber include: beans, cereals, breads, vegetables, and fruits.
One thing is for certain. If you have the painful abnominal spasms associated with IBS, you will be searching for relief through irritable bowel treatment.